Sailer in Sinn und Bedeutung 2021 proceedings

The proceedings of Sinn und Bedeutung 2021 are now available online. They contain a contribution by Manfred Sailer on “Use-conditional licensing of strong negative polarity items.” In the paper, Manfred further develops the theory of his 2021 HPSG paper that strong NPIs can be licensed by a negation at the non-at-issue semantics. The new paper looks at strong NPIs in German in verum focus constructions and in raising declaratives.


Sailer, Manfred. 2021. Minimizer negative polarity items in non-negative contexts. In Stefan Müller & Nurit Melnik (eds.): Proceedings of the 28th International Conference on Head-Driven Phrase
Structure Grammar, Frankfurt/Main: University Library. 348–368. URL:

Sailer, Manfred. 2022. Use-conditional licensing of strong negative polarity items. In: Daniel Gutzmann & Sophie Repp (eds): Proceedings of Sinn und Bedeutung 26. 734-752. URL: